Nature and Culture – Course details of the first year

First semester: “The speaking animal”:

  • Konrad Lorenz and « Behind the Mirror »: the biological foundations of knowledge (philosophy)
  • Language as specific to human beings; Ferdinand de Saussure and structural linguistics; faculties of language by Noam Chomsky (linguistics)
  • Animal communication and human language: contributions of ethology, anatomy and comparative psychology (biology)
  • Cognitive psychology and language (cognitive and experimental psychology)
  • Information Theory (philosophy)


Second semester:Human societies and animal societies “:

  • Hominization (sociology)
  • Paleo-anthropology (biology)
  • Animal societies (biology)
  • Continuities and discontinuities in the relationship between nature and culture (anthropology)